The present world is a global village with new economic, ecological, social, political issues. Human beings think that all emerging problems will be resolved by discoveries and technological innovations.
No one has time for others. The fire of hatred is everywhere but not visible. The world is full of tensions. What is going on today was predicted by Mahatma Gandhi in the Swaraj when he prepared its manuscript in 1908. Swaraj, Non-violence, Swadeshi and Sarvodaya were the four main goals before youth for humanity, so as to move towards its destiny.
Mahatma Gandhi said that only way to solve above said problems is to understand and cultivate the ideals of Sarvodaya philosophy and happiness of human life lies in the application of Sarvodaya ideals.
Meaning of Sarvodaya
Sarvodaya is a term that means “Universal Uplift” or “Progress of All”. The term was first coined by Mohandas Gandhi from the title of his 1908 translation of John Ruskin’s treatise on political economy, “Unto This last” and Gandhi used the term to the best of his own political philosophy.
The idea of Sarvodaya can be found in the ancient civilizations of the world. The Sages and Rishis in the past have preached about the well-being of all. They said that one should think about the happiness of others first then only he can be happy himself. Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our nation, gave new and concrete form to the meaning of Sarvodaya. It is an extension of the work that Gandhi ji was himself doing in India, a work which was interrupted by his assassination.
The word Sarvodaya comes from Sanskrit.
It is a combination of two words: Sarva, which means “all” and Udaya, which means “Welfare” or “Upliftment”. Therefore, the etymological meaning of the word Sarvodaya is the welfare of all. Gandhi’s famous saying: “The welfare of all people should be the goal of all human activities”
Gandhi advances the concept of Sarvodaya, which were the based on three basic principles:
• That the good of the individual is contained in the good of all.
• That a lawyer’s work has the same value as the barber’s in as much as all have the same right of earning their livelihood from their work.
• That is a life of labour, i.e., the life of the tiller of the soil and the handicraftsman is the life worth living.
“Sarvodaya can certainly be seen as India’s distinctive contribution to social philosophy.” The Sarvodaya social order therefore emphasizes equality at all levels. As a branch of his atavistic belief, Gandhi’s concept of equality is fundamentally different from the conventional notion of equality that prevails in mainstream sociology or political theory.
Gandhi proposed structural arrangements to prevent the possibility of stratification, segregation or exploitation of any kind in the social organization of his vision Inspired by the vision of a great millennium and living in an atmosphere of renewed awareness that is constantly strengthened by a built-in system of moral controls and balances, every one under such a social order will hold his talents and wealth in trust and use them for the welfare of all, especially of the neediest and the down – trodden.
Thus, the social organization will be free from evils, and will create conditions most conducive to the total development of all its members and to the fulfilment of the ultimate purpose of self – realization.
Simple living & High thinking, Motto of Gandhism
Mahatma Gandhi firmly believed that the planet had enough to meet every human’s needs, but not every human’s greed. In the Sarvodaya society of your dreams, therefore, every member becomes free from any greed for the unlimited acquisition of material wealth and much more luxurious life and can follow the motto of simple living and high thinking.
Sarvodaya these days is not a mere utopian vision or conception, but rather seeks to realign the human mind in order to rebuild human society. çIt’s a dynamic philosophy, which may modify the arrival of a radically remodelled humanity. Sarvodaya seeks to build the foundations of old spiritual and moral values of India and attempts to meet the challenge of the contemporary problems.
The world has witnessed the propagation, experimentation and implementation of various socio-economic ideologies-capitalist, socialist, and communist, time to time. But in general, Sarvodaya is far superior to other attributive models. It envisages a well-balanced and integrated development of the nation with no distinction among the haves and the have-nots, privileged and under-privileged, ruler and ruled.