The second wave of Covid-19 took India by surprise. On 10 February, the second wave started rising. India confirmed 11,000 new cases and in the next 50 days, the daily average was around 22,000 cases. Black fungus is one of the variants. It’s a rare but serious fungal infection and it’s affecting some COVID-19 patients. White Fungal infection can be caused due to low immunity, or if people come in contact with things that contain these moulds like water.
What caused the spike in coronavirus cases?
Human behaviour is the major factor. After a warning and all restrictions, people continued to disobey all rules and regulations regarding coronavirus. As is typical in India, official arrogance, hyper-nationalism, populism and an ample dose of bureaucratic incompetence have combined to create a crisis.
Just a few weeks ago Indian government was supplying vaccines all over the world, India was the “pharmacy of the world” they said, and distributed around the world and ignored their own problem, which India was about to face. The federal health minister declared that the country had entered “the endgame” of its battle against the pandemic.
Disasters of the second wave
Shortage of beds
Many Indian cities are reporting a chronic shortage of hospital beds. Many people lost their lives as they are not getting proper treatment.
Badly-affected cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Ahmedabad have almost run out of hospital beds. We didn’t learn anything from the first wave. There were reports from some cities that they are running out of beds, but our ignorant behaviour ignored it all.
Nearly all ICU beds are occupied
The situation is much dire when it comes to ICU beds.
Dr. Fathahudeen says adding beds alone is not enough. “We need to ensure that most of these beds have oxygen facilities. We need more doctors and nurses to manage extra ICU beds,” he added.
The number of daily deaths has risen sharply in the second wave. Crematoriums have been running day and night in several cities, and people have to wait for hours to get the deceased cremated or buried. Experts say this shows that the number of deaths could be much higher.
Variants in play
India on 25 March announced that a new variant of the coronavirus had been detected from samples collected from different states.
Black fungus is one of the variants. It’s a rare but serious fungal infection and it’s affecting some COVID-19 patients. So far, over 7,000 people have been infected with the disease and over 200 have lost their lives. Maharashtra has reported the highest number of cases of Mucormycosis, also known as a black fungus.
In the last couple of weeks, the states have reported a sharp rise in the number of black fungus cases. Black Fungal infection is presently seen more in patients suffering from COVID-19 with a disease like HIV / AIDS, uncontrolled diabetes, Mellitus cancer
- Black Fungal symptoms mainly include runny nose
- One may feel swelling and pain in the eyes
- Eyelid loss and blurred vision have also been seen.
- Dark spots can also be seen around the nose of the infected patient.
- Some patients have also spoken about their eyesight being completely gone.
Black Fungal is present almost everywhere in our common life. It is usually produced automatically on rotten soil, plants, manure and fruits, and vegetables.
Generally, patients who are prone to Black Fungal infection are those who have recently got rid of the coronavirus. The infection is seen more in patients with cancer or HIV / AIDS. Most of the patients are aged around 35.
White Fungus, a new variant
White Fungus is more dangerous than Black Fungus as it can affect not just the lungs but also other parts of the body including nails, skin, stomach, kidney, brain, private parts, and mouth. New cases of White Fungus have been found in Patna, Bihar.
What causes White Fungus
White Fungal infection can be caused due to low immunity, or if people come in contact with things that contain these moulds like water.
Symptoms of White Fungus
- Patients of White Fungus show Covid-like symptoms but test negative
- White Fungus infects lungs, nails, skin, stomach, kidneys, brain, private parts, and mouth.
Why are COVID patients prone to White Fungus?
According to the doctors, COVID-19 patients are more prone to White Fungus as it affects the lungs and similar symptoms are created like that of coronavirus. India is facing challenges day by day. Many people are losing their lives because of a lack of beds, oxygen cylinders, and new variants shown in coronavirus. India needs to prepare for the worst as third wave of COVID-19 is about to arrive and who knows what is about to come this time.