India is the second most populous country in the world. India is known for its mega diversity in cultures. It consists of so many different yet beautiful cultures. Each culture is unique in its own way. Diversity can be seen in variety of things such as religion, languages, food, clothes, and of course wedding cultures. India is very much diverse in wedding cultures too.
Each culture consists of its own unique customs to be followed during a wedding function or celebration. Each culture has its own way of enjoying wedding and wedding related functions. A wedding is a ceremony, not only between two people or souls but between two families. Two people are united, make promises to each other, take marriage vows and officially declare to live together forever.
Let us have a look at some beautiful wedding cultures according to different regions.
- Goa Wedding
Marriages are a pretty adventurous thing to happen on this Earth. It is not only the bounding of two different individuals legally rather it is to bring two families together with absolutely two different mindsets, upbringing, living style, etc. It is something that makes life interesting by adding colors of beauty to it. Interestingly, when it is the case of Indians, they are outspoken, cool and chilled following various norms, cultures, and customs in weddings so as to make it a remarkable one.
Goa not only seems versatile but also is the most urbanized place within India. They basically follow Christian style wedding. Some traditions that they follow throughout wedding customs are Chuddo, Bhium Jevon, Roce ceremony, The Gatho and Porthopon. It is the simplest but the most attractive form of wedding which is performed in front of the eyes of Lord in a church and the couple vows to each other to stay together. Such a beautiful and pious wedding can only be performed in the righteous and celebrated vibes.
- Manipuri Wedding
Manipuri culture is uniquely colourful and their weddings are a testimony to that. Seeped in its culture and traditions, a Manipuri wedding is an amazing blend of colors and traditions. A typical Manipuri marriage starts with the Hinaba, the first meeting between the families of the bride and groom. Then the Yathang Thanaga is the ritual when the bride’s parents visit the groom’s family to give consent to the wedding. The next step in a traditional Manipuri wedding is the Heijapot or the formal engagement ceremony.
Then there is Leilenga ceremony, in this the bride makes the wedding garlands for herself and her groom praying for blissful married life. All the rituals in a Manipuri wedding are centered on the tulsi plant as it is considered auspicious in Manipuri culture. The wedding ceremony is known as Luhongba. In the first half of the wedding, the groom sits with the priest and chants some mantras and the bride is called later.
In the wedding, bride dresses in pink fanek and chader and groom dresses in all white — a white dhoti, kurta and a white turban with golden borders. Mangani Chakouba is the last custom of a traditional Manipuri wedding and this ritual is held after a span of five days from the wedding. The parents of the bride visit her at her husband’s home to check on her well being.
- Tamil wedding
Attending a Tamil wedding is like entering into a world of royalty. Tamil weddings embrace the use of red hues and gold and pay a lot of attention to the minutest details to the start of the matrimonial bliss. The best features that make a Tamil Wedding unique are the use of saffron and red colours to lend a lot of richness to the décor as these colors are symbol of sensuality and purity. Tamil weddings are very traditional weddings that are based around the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts in Hinduism.
However, they also incorporate a touch of modernism for both the groom and the bride before they embark in the world of matrimony. The ceremony of a Tamil wedding in itself is a fairly long process with an elaborate guest list. Tamil marriages are not extravaganza like Punjabi weddings, yet they are lavish in their own ways. All Tamilians give a lot of priority to their rituals and traditions and pay more attention to conducting each and every ritual in its original and unique manner.
- Rajasthani Wedding
Rajasthan is a royal place rich with royalty, cultural heritage and magnificent lifestyle. Weddings of Rajasthan are one of the adorable and opulent wedding which involves luxurious decorations, vibrant colors, folk dances and alluring Rajasthani attire. Rajasthani weddings include various rasms.
The very first one is Tilak ceremony which is like Roka ceremony in which gifts and sweets are exchanged followed by rings. Then comes Ganpati Pujan in which Lord Ganesha is worshipped and welcomed to home to attend the marriage. Then Pithi ceremony is conducted which is like Haldi to make the bride and groom look alluring. After that follows the Sangeet ceremony which includes dance, songs, play etc. There is a Mahira dastoor in which mama i.e., maternal uncle brings gifts, jewellery etc. Following is Palla ceremony in which bride is gifted clothes and jewellery from groom side.
The next is Sehra ceremony the sister in law applies black Kajal to ward off any evil. Then the utmost important ceremony varmala and pheras take place and after that the bride is departed which is known as bidai. Thus, with all the royalty and following all the precious traditions two souls are met.
- Kashmiri Wedding
Kashmir is the heart throb of India. A place full of natural beauty, cool breeze with best of the people on the whole landmark of India. The valley of Kashmir because of its impeccable beauty is called the “Heaven on the Earth”. Their culture, tradition, living style is the most unique and is one of a kind. The weddings of Kashmiris are really interesting and take us back to the time where the ‘bride and groom to be’ can’t meet and talk alone unless there is some guardian present.
It is believed that they can only meet after they are in Nikah. Nikah is the most pious union of the bride and the groom and involves 3 witnesses. The couple promise to stay loyal and shower their love upon each other unconditionally. The beautiful bride’s dress and Groom’s Sherwani make it look more of a royal and prestigious wedding.