The present-day Haryana has historically remained a rendezvous ground for various races, creeds, cultures and faith. They all come together fused and mixed together leisurely and out of these long drawn and continuing process emerged what is today known as the Indian culture and ethos.
Haryana, due to its unique geographical location, always had the Privilege of coming into Contact providing initial shelter to the invaders who ventured into this land of plenty, to be subsequently absorbed to become a part of composite Indian ethos.
The discovery of Stone Age tools in the hospitable hills of Shivahik and Aravalis out spurs have proved the evidence of’ the evolution of man starting from this land. The word Haryana is hardly a millennium old; this land has highly been praised as the cradle of civilization.
The Vedas and other ancient literature provide sufficient references to prove the antiquity of this land. This area has been the heart land of the culture, which on circumstantial evidences, has been associated with the Aryans of epic age.
The archaeological excavations at different sites like Kunal, Rakhigrahi, Banawali, Bhidana, Farmana, Sugh, Khokrakot, Agroha etc have yielded relics of successive phases of Indian history from Harappans to the early Historical era.
In historical times, Haryana saw rise and fall of the Mauryas and Sung empires, the tribal republic of Yaudheyas the empires of the Guptas, the Pushyabhutis, the Gurja – Pratihars, the Tomars and the Chauhans. Their remnants may still be seen in the forms of ruined Townships coins inscriptions and art objects.
This linear and monotonous development of culture was broken by the arrival of Mauryas towards the fag end of twelfth century AD. They came with an all together a new faith traditions, art and architecture.
From the thirteenth century onwards the social structure of Haryana was greatly shaken on account of its closeness to the imperial centre of Delhi. This proximity rendered this region into a cockpit of lights and rebellions and foreign invaders attractive to capture of power.
But the spirit of get togetherness was close on heel as manifested in the field of line arts. Archeologically the extant Muslim monuments show an aspect of rapid development. The Mamulaks, The Khilijis, TheTuglaqs, The Sayyids, The Lodis and the Surs have left behind a rich legacy. The appearance of Mughals on the scene brought out a fresh air in the National stream of culture.
The remnants pertaining to all these by gone ages can still be found through the length and breadth of the state in the form of sites and monuments. “A martial tradition superimposed on a rich heritage of spiritual values gave the people of Haryana a faith as firm as the rocks in the prowess of their intellectual and physical sinews